Putting together a good skincare plan feels like a challenging task. The skin is one of the largest organs in the human body that needs several things to maintain itself. Hence, one should always be aware of the skin care products used in their daily skincare routine. It is necessary to look into the ingredients or chemicals present in the product to know whether or not they are contributing to skin health and, if yes, what their benefits are. This blog will take you through the top benefits of chemicals active in skincare.
A few chemicals are used in cosmetic products like Polyhydroxy Acid, alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs), Hyaluronic acid, Retinoids, Kojic acid, Vitamin-C, Salicylic acid, and Alpha-lipoic acid.
Here are some of the benefits of these ingredients in cosmetic products:
- Polyhydroxy Acids
Polyhydroxy acids are the lighter versions of alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs) popular among people with sensitive skin and acne. Their moisturising and antioxidant properties delay aging, gently exfoliate your skin and protect it from damage, making them the perfect add-on to your skincare routine.
- Alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs)
Alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs) are naturally extracted from milk and fruit sugar; this exfoliant helps remove dead skin cells so new skin cells can be created. Cream and lotion with AHA also help with fine lines and wrinkles and shrink enlarged pores. Most commonly used AHA’s are Lactic acid and glycolic acid; AHA’s is also famous for brightening skin tone and overall skin texture.
- Hyaluronic acid
Products with hyaluronic acid are often called bleaching creams and lightning agents. This chemical is used to lighten hyperpigmentation, dark spots, and Age spots. Besides, this also contributes to anti-aging, moisturising, and wound healing and treats eczema and facial redness.
Retinoids contain retinal aldehyde, retinol, and retinyl esters. They are used to work on acne and acne scarring, fine lines and wrinkles, mottled pigmentation, skin tone, skin texture and colour, and hydration levels. Retinol is extracted from vitamin A and is present in many “anti-aging” skin care products.
- Kojic acid
Kojic acid is primarily used to lighten sun spots, wrinkles, or scars visibly. It has an anti-aging effect on the skin. In addition to the skin-lightening effects, it has some antibacterial properties, most effective against Micrococcus luteus and the least against Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
- L-ascorbic acid
Vitamin Cis safe for most skin types and helps to keep the skin hydrated, reduce redness, and promote collagen production, and it also protects skin from sun damage and skin sagging at an early age. L-ascorbic acid is a type of vitamin C to look for in the products you are using. Many products today claim to contain derivatives of vitamin C, but L-ascorbic acid is the only helpful type of vitamin C in skin care.
- Salicylic acid
The FDA approves salicylic acid as a skincare ingredient used for topical treatment of acne and is the only beta hydroxy acid (BHA) present in skin care products. Perfect for oily skin. Salicylic acid is best known for deep cleaning excess oil out of pores and reducing oil production.
When the product bottle says active ingredients, a chemical or molecule in it reacts to the skin actively, as it does exactly what it is supposed to do. For example, when a customer buys a cleanser, the product is expected to treat acne, possibly something with salicylic acid, so an active cosmetic product is anything that has active ingredients; they are primarily present in the product for specific skin concerns like sun damage, acne, blemishes, pigmentation or fine lines.