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A Unique and Beautiful Piece of Gond Art from the Heart of India

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About Gond painting 

Gond art are a famous folk art of the Gond community in central India. It is done to preserve and pass on the culture of the Gond community. Gond tribal art includes folk dances, folk songs, and Gond paintings. Today’s Gond art has evolved from Digna and Bhittichitra. The Gond family paints the walls and floors of their homes with traditional geometric patterns called digna. Bhittichitra is painted on the walls of houses, and these paintings contain images of animals, plants and trees. Women paint the walls and floors of their homes in natural colors.

Gond tribe 

The Gonds are one of India’s most prominent tribal communities. These tribes live in Madhya Pradesh, Telangana, Bihar, Maharashtra, Orissa and Andhra Pradesh.  

The word gond comes from ‘kond’, and they live mainly in the verdant mountains of Madhya Pradesh. Hence the green mountains and tribal people are called Gondis. The main occupation of the Gonds is agriculture or day labour. The Gonds believe that good photos bring good luck. Hence, Gond art paintings are specially made for festivals, ceremonies and ceremonies such as Diwali, Karva Chauth, Nag Panchami, births, and weddings.

The traditional art of Madhya Pradesh, India 

Gond art is a traditional art form of Madhya Pradesh and belongs to the Gond tribe. It is mainly performed in Patangarh village in the Dindri district of Madhya Pradesh. 

Gond artists create a variety of hand-painted products. Some of them are listed below. 

  1. Painting 
  2. Sally 
  3. Kurtis 
  4. Dupatta 
  5. Stall 
  6. Handbag 
  7. tray 
  8. box 
  9. Coaster

History and Origin of Gond Painting

In the 1980s, J Swaminathan was the Bharat of Bhopal. He was the director of the Bhavan Museum. He wanted to show urban art and tribal art together. To this end, he sent some of his disciples to various villages in the Dindri district to seek out various Gond painting artists. There they found very talented young men and women. One of them was Jangarh Singh Shyam, a very talented painter. The walls of his home are a testament to his great works of art, and he was equally excited to come to Bhopal and try new art supplies.

Jangarh Singh Shyam

Shri Jangarh Singh Shyam was the first tribal artist to use canvas and paper in his work. Jangarh Singh Shyam was a Pardhan gond artist from Patangarh village in the Dindri district of  Madhya Pradesh. Pardhan Gonds are one of a subgroup of the Gond community. Pardhan Gond is known for his artistic skills such as music, singing and painting. Jangarh Singh Shyam became famous for exhibiting his paintings in Tokyo and Paris. As a result, Gond paintings gained worldwide recognition and became a livelihood for many tribes.

Raw Materials for Gond Paintings

Paper/Canvas 

Handmade paper, canvas, and even chart paper readily available in the market are used to make Gond art.

Color 

Bright colors such as red, yellow, blue and green are commonly used in gond art. Natural colors come from charcoal, colored soil, plants, leaves, cow dung, etc. Some colors and their natural sources are listed below.

Black: Black paint is made from charcoal. 

Yellow: Yellow paint is made from the soil of Ramraj.

White: It is a white painting made by chui soil. 

Red: The red color is obtained from geru oil.

Green: Light green is made from cow dung, and dark green is made from bean leaves.

Tool 

Different-sized brushes are now used to paint the Gonds.

Gond Painting Themes and Designs 

The themes and motifs of Gond art are derived from local flora and fauna, deities and urban culture. Gond paintings mainly depict the following subjects:  

  1. Pictures of peacocks, birds, crabs, mythical creatures, lizards, lions, tigers, deer, snakes, boars, cows, monkeys, elephants, horses, fish, etc.
  2. Mahua tree as the tree of life. The mahua flowers, fruits, seeds, and leaves were used for many purposes by the Gond tribe.
  3.  Modern designs such as planes, bicycles, cars, technology, etc.
  4.  Myths, legends and aspects of everyday Gond life.
  5. Hindu deities such as Lord Shiva, Lord Krishna and Lord Ganesha
  6. Local deities include Phulvari Devi (Goddess Kali), Jalharin Devi (River Goddess) and Marahi Devi
  7.  Fairy tales.

Distinctive patterns and styles of Gond painting

A pattern is a decorative design repeated multiple times to fill an image.  Each gond artist uses distinctive patterns and styles to fill the pictures. These distinctive patterns are called signature patterns. Some of the patterns used in Gond paintings are:

 1. Points

 2. thin line

 3. Curve

 4. Hyphen

 5. Fish scales

 6. Droplets

 7. seed type

 8. Geometric shapes, etc.

Hope the above content will help you with gaining your knowledge about the Gond Art and the importance of it.

Also, this gond painting will charm up the aura of your walls when you place them.

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