A kidney transplant is a major operation usually only considered when all other treatment options have failed. A kidney transplant may be necessary when a person has end-stage renal disease, which is caused by kidneys that can no longer efficiently eliminate waste from the blood. A kidney transplant can also be an option for people who have certain inherited kidney diseases.
The decision to get kidney transplantation done is not made lightly. It is a complex decision that must consider many factors, including the severity of the illness, the likelihood of success, and the potential risks and side effects.
If a person decides to go ahead with a kidney transplant, they will need to undergo some tests to ensure they are healthy enough for surgery. They will also need to find a donor whose kidney is compatible with their own. Once a donor has been found, surgery can get scheduled.
- Before the Transplant: What to Expect
When you are waiting for a kidney transplant, there are a few things you can expect. First, you will have to undergo a series of tests to see if you are healthy enough for surgery and determine what kind of immunosuppressant medication you need. You will also be placed on a national transplant waiting list. While you wait, stay healthy and avoid any activities that could put your health at risk.
- During the Transplant: The Surgery and Recovery Process
Before your transplant, you’ll meet with your transplant team to go over the details of the surgery and what you need to do to prepare. You’ll also have tests to ensure you’re healthy enough for surgery.
- After the Transplant: Life with a New Kidney
A patient who undergoes a kidney transplant must take immunosuppressive medications for the rest of their life. These drugs help to prevent your system from rejecting the newly implanted kidney. Some common side effects of these drugs include an increased risk of infection, high blood pressure, and kidney damage.
Patients will also need to have regular checkups with their transplant team. During these appointments, the patient will get monitored for rejection or infection. They will also need to have blood and urine tests done frequently.
Patients need to take care of themselves after a transplant. It means eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and taking their medications as prescribed. By doing this, they can help to ensure that their new kidney lasts a long time.
- What Are the Types of Kidney Transplantations Available?
Three types of kidney transplants are deceased donor, living donor, and paired donor.
Deceased donor transplants are the most familiar kind of kidney transplant. The organs are donated by someone who has died and is matched to the recipient by blood type and other factors.
Living donor transplants are less common. The organ gets donated by a living person, who may be a relative or friend of the recipient. The donor’s blood type must match with the recipient’s, and they must undergo a thorough medical evaluation displaying they are healthy enough to donate.
Paired donation is a newer option for people with a willing but incompatible donor. In this type of transplant, the incompatible donors exchange kidneys with another pair in which one person has an incompatible blood type with their willing donor.
The Surgery Procedure
General anesthesia is administered during the procedure to ensure that the patient does not wake up in the middle of the process. This method involves making a small cut in the abdomen and implanting a transplanted kidney into the body. New kidneys have blood vessels that are connected to those in the stomach. The bladder is connected to the ureter. The surgery usually takes about four hours. You’ll be asleep during the surgery; thus, you won’t feel any pain.
After the surgery, you’ll spend a few days in the hospital recovering. You may have some pain and discomfort, but it can be managed with medication.
Kidney Transplant Cost in India
A kidney transplant cost India can be anywhere between ₹ 1 lakh to ₹ 30 lakh, depending on the hospital and city you choose for the surgery. The expense also varies depending on whether you opt for a government or private hospital. Private hospitals tend to be more expensive but offer better facilities and a higher success rate.
Government hospitals are usually cheaper but may not have the best facilities or staff. It is essential to research and choose the best option for you and your budget.
It is important to remember that kidney transplant cost India should not be the only factor in choosing a hospital. When making your final determination, you should consider the success rate, facilities, and staff.
A kidney transplant can be a life-saving procedure for those with kidney failure. It is essential to be aware and well informed of the different types of transplants and the risks involved with each one. The best way to ensure a successful transplantation is to work closely with your transplant team and follow their instructions.
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