One out of five people develop skin cancer, at least once in their lifetime. Most types of skin cancer can be diagnosed and treated if caught early. The cancer occurs when the skin cells grow and multiply in an uncontrolled manner. Symptoms begin with changes in the skin, and if it gets severe consider, do visit your doctor immediately. If it is skin cancer, go to a specialised cancer hospital or a hospital with good oncological support. If you have skin cancer, there are some good options available for treating it.
Here are some key facts you should know about skin cancer and its treatment.
1. Your skin type can influence the risk for skin cancer
One reason that skin cancer is on the rise is because of tanning beds and indoor tanning. Fair-skinned people are at higher risk for this kind of cancer. Those with darker skin may be more protected, but they are not immune. Your risk for melanoma, in particular, can vary with your skin type. People with lighter skin shades, red or blonde hair type, and green or blue eyes are more prone to skin cancer.
At the same time, people of colour are less prone to melanoma and other skin cancer types. Even if skin cancer occurs in people of colour, it mostly occurs in areas that are not much exposed to the sun, such as the soles of your feet, palms of your hand, inside your mouth, and groyne. People with a lot of moles and skin that burn easily are also more prone to skin cancer.
2. Skin cancer runs in families
If you have a family history of skin cancer, you should pay special attention to your well-being. There is a higher risk for this kind of cancer if your parents or other relatives have been affected by it. Even if they are not close, you should pay attention to any changes in your body, especially if those changes involve the skin.
3. Melanoma is the most dangerous form of skin cancer
The most deadly skin cancer is melanoma. That’s not to say that other forms of skin cancer aren’t dangerous. Basal cell carcinoma can invade the flesh and cause internal bleeding. Squamous cell carcinoma can spread to other organs through the bloodstream or lymphatic system. Basal cell carcinoma and Squamous cell carcinoma are two of the most common types of skin cancers but are less deadly.
Melanoma tends to spread directly to nearby lymph nodes and organs. In some cases, it spreads further than that. Melanoma arises in the cells that produce melanin, which gives skin its colour and helps protect us from the sun’s UV rays. These cells are found all over the body, but they are especially common on the skin.
4. There are many skin cancer treatment options
If you have been diagnosed with skin cancer, you may be advised to go for surgery. But there are many other options available to treat this disease. The treatment of skin cancer usually depends on the type, size, growth pattern, and the location of the skin cancer.
5. You can reduce your risk of skin cancer
You can reduce your risk of skin cancer by taking certain preventive measures. These include:
- Minimising your activities in the midday sun and preventing exposure to ultraviolet rays
- Wearing sunscreen daily
- Avoiding indoor tanning
Skin cancer is a vicious disease that affects several million people. Early detection will save lives and treatment will prevent it from spreading to other areas. Being aware of what you can do to protect your skin is the best way to keep skin cancer at bay. If you notice any changes in the appearance of your skin, don’t hesitate to contact a medical expert or visit a cancer hospital who can advise you on the best way to deal with it.