Taking a house building service to the moon might not seem like a possibility, but the benefits of such a service could be incredible. With the development of solar energy, solar panels are inexpensive, light, reliable and safe. They can also protect against solar flares, which are a common problem on Earth.
Solar panels are cheap, light, reliable and safe
Several years ago, the idea of capturing solar power from the sun in space was laughed off as science fiction. But thanks to technological innovations, the concept is now gaining ground. Space-based solar power (SBSP) is an alternative to fossil fuels and will provide reliable clean energy to remote communities.
The concept is quite simple. A small-scale solar array would be launched into low Earth orbit. It would be able to beam power anywhere in the world. This would make space-based solar power a viable solution to climate change.
One interesting part of space-based solar power is that it could be used to beam power to disaster areas. It would be less expensive to send a solar panel from the moon than to send an astronaut to the moon.
In terms of efficiency, the solar panel that produces the most energy is the monocrystalline type. A polycrystalline solar panel would be less energy efficient, but would be less costly to manufacture.
The most important particle in the solar energy equation is the photon. The sun sends photons to Earth every hour. The photon charges the electrons in the cell, which generates usable energy. The panel’s efficiency is measured by how much sunlight is reflected on its surface.
The sun’s light energy is reflected back into space by the atmosphere. Approximately 30% of the solar radiation never makes it to Earth. The best solar panels are not the cheapest.
The most efficient solar panel is the monocrystalline type, which produces about $1 per watt of power. A polycrystalline solar panel costs about $0.90 per watt.
It’s also a good idea to make solar panels that produce electricity at night. The moon is 14 stellar magnitudes darker than the sun, and only produces one milliwatt of visible light per square meter. This isn’t nearly enough power to run an ultra-efficient LED light bulb.
Another small-scale solar power technology is the microwave power plant. In a game called OGame, one of three energy sources is a solar satellite.
The most energy efficient type of solar panel is the monocrystalline type, which is the most expensive, but also the most efficient.
Protecting against solar flares
Those planning to house building service on the moon must take into account the possibility of solar flares. These explosions can release massive amounts of ionising radiation into space, which could disrupt power grids, equipment, and communications systems.
There are several methods for protecting against solar flares, including installing a space weather warning system. This is similar to a tornado warning system. It could warn travelers and explorers whether or not a proton storm is likely to occur. If an astronaut is exposed to a proton storm, he or she may suffer acute radiation sickness.
The International Space Station has shelters that help to protect astronauts from solar radiation. However, if a solar flare occurs, astronauts on the Moon will be exposed to potentially fatal doses of radiation.
Luckily, Earth’s magnetic field protects astronauts from most of the radiation from solar flares. However, the shielding decreases as one goes higher in the atmosphere. In addition, the Earth’s magnetosphere helps to protect astronauts on the International Space Station.
Solar storms can also be dangerous to astronauts. They are the result of an explosion of plasma from the sun. The plasma then erupts into space, creating a storm. In addition, solar storms can be powerful and can cause geomagnetic storms.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) Space Weather Prediction Center is one place to check for forecasts. Bill Murtagh, the center’s program coordinator, uses images from the Big Bear Solar Observatory to produce space weather forecasts.
Solar storms can take out electrical grids and cause radio blackouts. Radio blackouts can last several minutes, but are often longer in polar regions.
The most dangerous solar flares are X-class flares. These are the strongest, releasing massive amounts of ionising radiation into Space. They can trigger coronal mass ejections (CMEs). These events can disrupt Earth’s magnetosphere and take out satellites.
The NOAA Scales are used to predict the frequency of solar radiation storms. These scales are broken down into four categories, each with a range of intensities. The intensities start at ten protons per cubic centimeter of stellar atmosphere (pfu) and go up to 100,000 pfu.
Cost of building materials
Considering that NASA spent nearly four billion dollars on Project Apollo over a span of thirty years, it is not surprising that the cost of building a house on the moon is a real enigma. Aside from the cost of rocketing into space, a few other stumbling blocks include the cost of building materials. To keep the astronauts happy and to minimize costs, many design-build firms have turned to alternative building materials such as bamboo, cob, and autoclaved aerated concrete.
Despite the myriad technological and social hurdles, construction of industrial and multifamily buildings has risen over the past several decades. In fact, the United States is currently building a record 689 million square feet of warehouse space, nearly twice the previous record set in the 1970s. As a result, the cost of building a house on the Moon may be cheaper than you think.
One of the most impressive technologies is the aforementioned 3D-printed concrete. Another impressive feat is the lunar igloo, a floating habitat that would keep astronauts warm and dry while shielding them from space radiation. The cost of building a house on the moon would be mitigated by the construction of a large fleet of space shuttles. In the end, however, the cost of building a house on Earth is not cheap. In addition, the cost of a moon-bound crew would be astronomical. As of December 2016, the price of a seat on the aforementioned space shuttle would top $55 million. That is a lot of money to burn.
Aside from the cost of building a house on the lunar surface, other major costs include the cost of shipping the building materials. The most expensive materials are lightweight aluminum and polystyrene. In addition to the materials, construction of a house on the moon would also require the construction of a large fleet of space vehicles, the construction of a large lunar module, and the deployment of a large fleet of lunar robots.
Adapting the human body to the conditions of a long stay in weightlessness
Adapting the human body to the conditions of a long stay in weightlessness is a process that will be necessary as humans continue their exploration of space. Even short stays in weightlessness can cause temporary health problems, and prolonged exposure can lead to ill health. The space medicine community is seeking to develop preventative measures that will help ease the suffering caused by living in a microgravity environment.
Weightlessness causes three key changes in the human body. First, the volume of blood that circulates through the body is reduced. Secondly, the volume of red blood cells is also reduced. Lastly, muscles and bones weaken. This process affects the body’s musculoskeletal system, as well as the distribution of fluids in the body.
Adapting the human body to the conditions in space can be a difficult process for some people. Many astronauts report that their favorite foods are no longer as tasty, and that they no longer enjoy eating foods they usually like. Some of these symptoms can be self-limiting, such as nausea, and others may be more serious, such as loss of muscle mass. Other health problems that can arise in space include space sickness, lethargy, headaches, and vertigo.
Long-term exposure to the microgravity environment can cause health problems, including postural hypotension, bone loss, and loss of muscle mass. This can affect the cardiovascular system and increase the risk of injury. Fortunately, NASA has made changes to the equipment used in spaceflight to improve the quality of the spacecraft’s weightlessness environment. The Advanced Resistive Exercise Device (ARED) is a new piece of equipment that allows astronauts to lift weights without overexerting themselves, and it is believed to improve muscle strength.
It is estimated that humans can spend around 18 months in space before they need to return to Earth. Although most of the data we have about the physiological effects of spaceflight comes from short-term missions, longer stays in space are necessary to continue human exploration. NASA is also looking at ways to re-adjust the human body to the conditions of Earth’s environment, and is working to develop preventative measures to help ease the suffering caused by living in confined space.