HIV, or human immunodeficiency virus, is an autoimmune disease in which the entire human immune system is slowly affected, and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) develops.
IVF for HIV. Even though HIV is a relative contraindication, it is not an obstacle to IVF. Conversely, if one of the partners is HIV-positive and is being treated, and the other is not found to have HIV, the couple is discordant (i.e., the couple has a different HIV status).
If at the same time, the couple is planning a common child, they are shown the IVF procedure. In vitro fertilization eliminates the risk of infecting a partner and significantly reduces the risk of HIV transmission to a child.
HBsAg (determination of antibodies to the hepatitis B virus)
HBsAg is a laboratory test that detects viral hepatitis B (chronic liver disease). Very often, hepatitis B is asymptomatic and is discovered incidentally.
Like syphilis, hepatitis B can be transmitted in many ways, including sexually.
Hepatitis B is a relative contraindication for artificial insemination. In vitro fertilization can be performed only after the conclusion of an infectious disease specialist and in the absence of concomitant contraindications.
HSV types 1, 2 and 5
HSV, or herpes simplex virus, is the most common virus on the planet. According to statistics, every second person is infected with it. During normal immune system functioning, the herpes simplex virus does not manifest itself in any way and does not affect the quality of life.
During preparation for IVF fertilization, the doctor may prescribe tests for HSV types 1, 2 and 5: type 1 – labial, 2 – genital, and 5 – cytomegalovirus.
Rubella virus antibodies
It’s no secret that the rubella virus and pregnancy are practically incompatible, especially in the first trimester. The rubella virus negatively affects pregnancy, causing severe malformations and sudden termination of pregnancy.
According to statistics, the shorter the gestational age during infection, the higher the percentage of congenital rubella disease syndrome:
- up to 11 weeks – the risk of infection of the child is 90%
- term 13 weeks – 11%
- term 16 weeks – 4%
- the period from 17 weeks – less than 1%
The presence of antibodies to the rubella virus (Rubella) in the blood is examined, which can be used to judge a recent infection or the presence of immunity to the virus. In the absence of antibodies to the rubella virus, appropriate vaccination may be recommended (to avoid infection during pregnancy).
Antibodies to the hepatitis C virus
Hepatitis C is a viral, infectious disease of the liver, resulting in diffuse inflammation of the organ. Chronic and acute hepatitis C is currently successfully treated with a timely diagnosis.
Hepatitis C is transmitted through the blood, and most often, it affects people at risk (through blood transfusion, hemodialysis, and use of non-sterile instruments for injection or tattooing).
During pregnancy and childbirth, the hepatitis C virus can be passed from mother to child. Since the disease is often asymptomatic, at the stage of preparation for ivf in lahore, the doctor prescribes an analysis for antibodies to hepatitis C.
Hepatitis virus is a relative contraindication. Before in vitro fertilization, the patient must obtain the conclusion of an infectious disease specialist.
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