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What is an insurance policy? Definition

An insurance policy is a contract between a natural person, an individual entrepreneur or a legal person (Policyholder) and an insurance company, which are bound by virtue thereof and in which the obligations and duties of each of the parties are specified. (the terms and conditions to which both parties are subject, such as the scope and coverage of the insurance).

What is an insurance policy for?

This type of policy covers the insured for the risks provided for in the contract, that is, the possibility of the harmful event occurring and for which he is covered so as not to have to face a high expense at a given time. All this occurs in exchange for a premium, which is normally paid on an annual basis.

credit insurance policies allow companies to insure the risk of default, breach of contract, agreed requirements and other considerations, which are provided for in the insurance policy.

This allows it to operate in a much safer way and for the company to carry out its activity without worries, understanding that the points related to collection and incident management of contracts or agreements are covered.

What are the differences between an insurance contract and an insurance policy?

The credit or surety insurance policy is the document in which the insurance contract is formalized, in which the rules, rights, duties and obligations of the parties are specified.

The insurer, for its part, has the obligation to provide the insurance policy to the insured or, failing that, a provisional coverage document

How do you take out an insurance policy?

An insurance policy is contracted with an insurance company, which offers a series of coverages to which the insured person has access by paying a premium and whose price will vary depending on the amount of coverage or types of coverage.

Before contracting insurance, the insurance company sends an offer to the possible insured so that he can study it, and once an agreement has been reached, the Policy will be formalized under the agreed conditions.

Personal elements of an insurance policy

  • Insured is the person who will be protected by the insurance, and may or may not be the same person who hires it.
  • Policyholder is the natural or legal person who signs the contract, whether insured or not, and who assumes the obligation to pay the premium and other obligations that correspond legally and contractually.
  • Insurer is the company that will protect the insured and will take care of the risk associated with the incident or cause.
  • Beneficiary is the natural or legal person designated by the insured to collect the compensation arising from the claim.

Conditions and indications

The credit or surety insurance policy shall contain, at a minimum, the following indications:

  1. Name and surnames or corporate name of the contracting parties and their address, as well as the designation of the insured and beneficiary, if any.
  2. The concept in which it is insured.
  3. Nature of the risk covered, describing, in a clear and understandable way, the guarantees and coverage granted in the contract, as well as with respect to each of them, the rights, exclusions and limitations that affect them.
  4. Designation of the insured objects and their location.
  5. Sum insured or scope of coverage.
  6. Amount of the premium, surcharges and taxes.
  7. Due date of the premiums, place and form of payment.
  8. Duration of the contract with expression of the day and the hour in which its effects begin and end.
  9. If a mediator is involved in the contract, the name and type of mediator.
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