As a female, you think you have something wrong inside your body/reproductive system when you notice your effort to get pregnant is not fruitful. And you decide to see an expert to know the root cause and have female infertility treatment in Kathmandu or your locality. Before you move to address your reproductive health issues, you should educate yourself and try to know everything around female infertility.
What is female infertility or infertility in females?
The inability to become pregnant after a year of unprotected sexual activity is known as infertility. Infertility can have male or female causes. When it comes to infertility in women, treatment for female infertility is essential for those who have been trying to conceive but have been unsuccessful despite engaging in unprotected sexual activity for more than a year. So it is crucial that couples get the right medical care.
What causes infertility in females?
Various health issues are brought on by female infertility. Several factors that affect female infertility include:
- Damaged or blocked fallopian tubes – If a fallopian tube is damaged, the contact between the egg and the sperm is prevented as it transports the egg from the ovaries to the uterus. Pelvic infections, endometriosis, and pelvic surgeries are a few serious conditions that can cause scarring as well as harm to the fallopian tube.
- Improper hormonal changes – When the endometrium (the lining of the uterus) does not thicken and an egg is not released from the ovary in preparation for fertilisation, many women experience a variety of issues during ovulation, the most frequent of which is infertility. Body temperature charts, ovulation predictor kits, and blood tests to measure hormone levels can all be used to find the issues.
- Cervical issues – Some women have a cervical disorder that prevents sperm from entering the cervical canal. This is as a result of mucus production or a previous surgical procedure that blocked the area.
- Epileptic – Reproductive abnormalities and infertility are two or three times more common in female epileptics, according to research. This is because epileptic seizures can cause changes in women’s reproductive hormones and an increase in serum prolactin levels. According to reports, 50 percent of women experience menstrual irregularities and more frequent irregular ovulation cycles, which can negatively impact pregnancy or result in infertility. A new approach to treating female infertility may help to avoid pregnancy issues or complications.
- Endometriosis – It happens when endometrial tissue implants and grows outside of the uterus, affecting the function of the ovaries, uterus, and fallopian tubes. As a result, it causes pregnancy complications and is one of the main causes of female infertility.
- Uterine fibroids – The uterus’s physical makeup is hostile to the foetus in this situation. Having polyps and fibroids is the cause of this. Around 70–80 percent of women over the age of 50 may experience their abnormal growth. In or outside of a woman’s uterus (womb), uterine fibroids are non-cancerous lumps that can cause heavy bleeding during pregnancy, a frequent urge to urinate, uncomfortable sex, and infertility in women.
- PCOS or polycystic ovary syndrome – It is a condition brought on by hormonal imbalances in female reproductive systems that reduce egg production and, as a result, the likelihood of becoming pregnant.
- Unexplained infertility – In 20% of cases of infertility, an unexpected infertility occurs when the causes are not clearly defined or identifiable. To diagnose and analyse cases like this one, female infertility treatments that are more advanced are needed.
Female infertility diagnosis
After interacting with you, going through your medical history, and conducting physical examinations, the doctor will recommend a few tests to assess your fertility. The test options can be:
- Blood tests – A variety of blood tests are useful in identifying a number of possible causes of infertility, including abnormal hormonal levels, the presence of cystic ovaries, cervical issues, etc.
- Laparoscopy – Through an incision made close to the belly button, a fibre-optic camera on a thin tube is inserted to view the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tube’s exterior lining during a laparoscopy. Especially in cases of endometriosis, which is brought on by the development of endometriotic tissues in other parts of the body, laparoscopy aids medical professionals in searching for abnormal growth in the pelvic region.
- HSG or Hysterosalpingography – To check for fallopian tube blockage, an HSG involves injecting a dye or saline into the cervix through X-ray or ultrasound.
Treatment options for female infertility
After having a look at the reports of a few recommended tests for your fertility evaluation/assessment, the doctor will advise the most suitable treatment plan. It can include one or a mix of more than one options that are as follows:
- ART or Assisted reproductive technology – It is among the most popular forms of treatment. Utilising both hormonal therapy and fertility medications, this technology is carried out. In Vitro fertilisation, intrauterine insemination, zygote intrafallopian transfer, and gamete intrafallopian transfer are additional types of tests.
- IVF, or in vitro fertilisation
- For the purpose of helping the sperm and the egg, it is a thorough and highly sophisticated procedure. In vitro fertilisation (IVF) is a method of artificial insemination where the egg and sperm are combined outside the body and then placed in the uterus after the embryo is formed. Since it was first used in 1981 to deliver more than 200,000 babies, the procedure has been successfully used. Treatments for infertility issues include the medication Clomiphene, also known as Clomid or Serophene.
- Medical therapy – Women with ovulation issues may be given specialised medications. In cases of unexplained infertility, gonadotropins are also employed.
- IUI or intrauterine insemination – A small number of concentrated sperm cells are used in this procedure as well. It only takes a few minutes to complete this painless task.
- Egg donation – Egg donation entails the removal of oocytes from an ovary after ovarian stimulation with fertility drugs.
- GIFT and ZIFT – The fertilised eggs are inserted into the mother’s uterus after IVF in the zygote intrafallopian transfer, or ZIFT, within 24 hours. In the gamete intrafallopian tube transfer, or GIFT, the sperm and eggs are combined before insertion.
- Surrogacy – In a surrogacy, the recipient’s partner’s sperm is used to fertilise the surrogate mother. On behalf of the recipient, the surrogate mother then carries the child to term and gives birth.
Suggest to read:- Do And Do Not After An IUI Procedure
In conclusion, female infertility treatment is absolutely necessary for women who feel the urge to conceive and want to start a family.