In the manufacturing sector, irrespective of the nature, size and form of the company, most of the companies that deal with metal parts, need a sound process for cutting the metal sheets as per their requirement. Laser cutting is a much easier, efficient and time saving process. Irrespective of the material in question, i.e., metal, wood, glass and other hard surfaces, lasers are a highly effective method of cutting précised metal parts. Generally it is tough to think that a beam of light would be able to cut through hard metals or other hard materials. We know that a traditional beam of light might not be ideal for this, but the new-age concentrated laser beam makes manufacturing of metal parts by laser cutting a breeze. Let’s know more about the process of laser cutting.
Meaning of Laser Cutting
In the process of laser cutting a laser beam is used to heat a metal sheet to the point where the piece is precisely severed. Laser machines that are used for manufacturing laser cut bend metal parts include a high powered laser and a computer to direct the laser beam onto the material to be cut. As the laser beam melts, vaporizes, or burns the material along the predetermined cut line, you get a precise, neatly cut edge. It is a more accurate process for precise cuts on just about any material. To cut materials to exact specifications a predefined setting is made in the controlling software of the laser cutting machines. The software converts the digital setting for clean and precise cuts.
Types of Laser Cutting
In general, there are two major types of laser cutting, the CO2 laser and the YAG laser. The first i.e., the CO2 laser is ideal for cutting, boring, and engraving. With the help of radio frequency energy, the lasers are effective in industrial cutting of mild steel, aluminum, stainless steel, titanium, paper, wax, plastics, wood, and fabrics. There are further four variants: fast axial flow, slow axial flow, transverse flow, and slab. On the other hand, YAG lasers are used for very high power boring and engraving. This type of laser cutting is powerful enough to engrave in strong materials like metal and ceramics.
Industrial use of Laser Cutting
The use of laser cutting for industrial purposes has become popular with various precious metal cutting industries. This is because of the precision with which you get metal parts by laser cutting in your desired shape. The process ensures minimal wastage of precious metals and you get precise cuts with quality work. Due to its many benefits, industrial laser cutting has become increasingly popular. With reasonable cutting speeds, small and large parts can be cut with very high-quality standards. Repeated passes are not necessary for the cutting. It is also possible to keep the laser cutting width to a minimum, even to 20 microns with fine sheet materials. With very small radii, even the smallest instruments or components can be cut perfectly and crisply.
Advantages of Laser Cutting
In comparison to other cutting methods, lasers offer a number of advantages. As well as cutting paper, plastic, cardboard, leather, and metal, lasers are extremely precise. An exact copy of the pattern can be continuously cut on workpiece after workpiece once the pattern has been programmed into the laser cutter. The edges of laser-cut materials are clean. As well as cutting items, lasers are capable of cutting small, highly detailed holes with good edge quality.
After seeing the benefits of laser cutting, industries today are opting for the same. The laser cut bend metal parts are in high-demand in further companies.